Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder that affects young girls and women of reproductive age. Women between the ages of 18 and 44 are the target group. Nevertheless, it may also afflict girls under the age of 11.
Approximately 1 in every 10 to 15 females in America have PCOS.
Some of the usual factors are obesity, lack of physical exercise, family history of PCOS and overproduction of the male hormone, testosterone. Moreover, insulin resistance is also one of the risk factors.
Insulin is the hormone responsible for lowering the blood sugar. In case of insulin resistance, the insulin is not able to lower the blood sugar, and as a consequence it raises to dangerous levels.
Therefore, the body produces more insulin, therefore the insulin levels become too high.
PCOS causes infertility. Namely, it leads to anovulatory infertility, meaning there is no ovulation. The reproductive process in which a mature egg is produced by the ovaries is called ovulation. This egg might or might not be fertilized by sperm.
PCOS cannot be cured, but implementing some lifestyle changes can help with controlling the symptoms. Moreover, certain medications, like birth control pills, clomiphene and metformin are common treatments.
Some women also try cosmetic treatments like laser to reduce the physical symptoms.
Early Sings: A Growing Concern
Women usually do not pay much attention to PCOS symptoms. As a consequence, they discover that they have this disorder when they find it difficult to stay pregnant.
According to a study from 2005 around $4.36 billion are spend every year on diagnostic procedures and medical care in America.
Here are some of the most common symptoms of PCOS.
- Irregular Periods
Irregular periods during the teenage years are considered normal, but in some cases it can be a sign of PCOS.
- Absence of Menstruation (Primary Amenorrhea)
- Excessive Body and Facial Hair
- Loss of Hair and Hair Thinning
- Weight Gain, Obesity and Inability to Shed Pounds
The inability to lose weight is one the most usual symptoms.
- High Blood Pressure
- Abnormal Skin Discoloration
Moreover, these patches can be accompanied by tiny-skin colored growths which look like warts and they hang from the skin.
If you are constantly stressed that stress is accompanied with other symptoms, you could be suffering from PCOS.